What is Islam?

Islam is an Arabic word means submission or surrender. It is derived from an Arabic language tri-alphabetic root “Sa- La-Ma”. The root Sa-la-ma means to be safe, to be in peace or to become free from harm. The word “Islam” is the noun of this root and the name given to one of the largest religion known to mankind. From the root, Sa-la-ma came the word “Salam” means peace and the common greeting among Muslim when they see each other. From that same root came the word “Muslim”.

A Muslim, is thus, a human whose personal conduct is a “Total submission to the righteous commands coming only from the merciful Lord of mankind, the creator and sustainer of all human being and every creature in this world, the sovereign ruler and judge of the day of judgment. A Muslim is, continuously, striving towards complete obedience to the will of God who dignified the entire human race and created everything, on earth and heaven, to serve them to live a happy life. A Muslim faithfully submits to the divine commands in private as well as in public” through a well-established belief in the mind and the heart. This submission is the source of a Muslim happiness and peaceful life on earth and in the hear-after.

A Muslim is thus, a human being who is psychologically healthy. He or she does not suffer what is known in psychology as “Multiple personality disorder”. The victims of this disorder chose from their own free will to obey commands of other false helpless idols. They accepted themselves to behave differently in private than in public, hence delivered themselves to all kinds of spiritual ailments. A Muslim is a person with divine personality, inner peace and loving heart to all peaceful non-aggressive humans. A Muslim understands that being obedient to Allah, SW*, immunize the soul against all the negative wicked forces and temptation surrounding mankind in this life.

The question imposing itself , at this point, is: What are the commandments of God that a Muslim obeys?
The answer herein is the “Ten commandments” or “The Decalogue”. These Ten commands were written by Allah, almighty, Himself and was given to Prophet Moses, PBUH, to be delivered to the Children of Israel to be their covenant with Allah, SW. Thus, the children of Israel had been honored when Allah, SW had chosen them to be part of the “Muslim Nation” exist on earth since the creation of the original father and mother, Adam and Eve. Allah, almighty, before the coming of the final prophet Muhammad, PBUH*, had made the children of Israel the trustees who will propagate the conduct of Islam to all mankind. He, Almighty, gave them the trust to extend the conduct of the role model prophet Abraham, PBUH. Thus, a Muslim is a follower of all the prophets who came to deliver the message of Islam. Therefore, a Muslim believes in what has been revealed to Muhammad, PBUH and all the messages of Islam that have been delivered by all the prophets and messengers before him too. No distinction among them. They were all Muslims who commanded their followers to only obey the commands of Allah, SW and to avoid making rivals to Allah, almighty. This is the essence of the first of the ten commandments and described by Jesus, PBUH to be the foundation of faith and most important of all commands. Violating the first command of the Ten commandments is the source of every evil and known in the faith of Islam as the heinous sin of “Shirk”, an Arabic word means to make rivals and equal idols to Allah, Almighty.

Allah, almighty, before the coming of the final prophet Muhammad, PBUH*, had made the children of Israel the trustees who will propagate the conduct of Islam to all mankind. He, Almighty, gave them the trust to extend the conduct of the role model prophet Abraham, PBUH. Thus, a Muslim is a follower of all the prophets who came to deliver the message of Islam. Therefore, a Muslim believes in what has been revealed to Muhammad, PBUH and all the messages of Islam that have been delivered by all the prophets and messengers before him too. No distinction among them. They were all Muslims who commanded their followers to only obey the commands of Allah, SW and to avoid making rivals to Allah, almighty. This is the essence of the first of the ten commandments and described by Jesus, PBUH to be the foundation of faith and most important of all commands. Violating the first command of the Ten commandments is the source of every evil and known in the faith of Islam as the heinous sin of “Shirk”, an Arabic word means to make rivals and equal idols to Allah, Almighty.

In conclusion, Islam is the conduct of the fellow Muslim the way of life for the Muslims. Under the provisions of Islam, the Muslim is observing the commands of Allah, SW, in every deed and conduct said or done. A Muslim has a firm believe that Allah, SW is watching the deeds with full knowledge and wisdom for a judgment of reward or punishment. Therefore, a Muslim is commanded to renew the covenant through what is called “Salat” meaning connection with God five times a day, to renew the covenant and to receive the necessary positive energy to face the difficulties in life. The ritual of prayer five times a day is thus the renewal of said covenant and the means of purifying and recharging the soul with positive divine energy on a daily basis. If a Muslim ignores that daily connection with God, he or she will certainly be under Satanic forces. People who have tasted the sweetness of such positive energy through the daily connection with Allah (Salat or Prayer) enjoy inner happiness and will never compromise it.

How the Islamic conduct is developed?

It is worthy to mention that the current science of psychology has determined that the human conduct, good or bad, comes, first, from a mental image or a belief established in the mind. Therefore, all the prophets & messengers, sent by God, came to correct the false mental images and the wrong beliefs settled in the minds of people after a long period of turning away from the pathway of God. It was never reported that prophets came to build factories or businesses. They change the philosophy and mental images to obey the divine commands and consequently, the culture will live a peaceful life. Therefore, the faith of a dedicated Muslim comes after a well-established firm belief in the existence of Allah, SW and after pondering about His commands for the benefit of mankind. Some people chose to ignore the message of Allah, SW and live to satisfy their evil lust. The affair, herein, becomes following the sole judgement of Allah, almighty and that person. Thus, there is no compulsion in the Islamic faith. That is a Muslim may not force a non-believer to believe in Allah and His commands. The limit of said Muslim is to deliver the message through his conduct and sincere advice. He or she at this point, become in total obedience to the will of Allah, SW to all mankind.The belief of a Muslim is located between HOPE and FEAR. The Muslim continuously making attempts to do good deeds for the sake of God with the hope that He, SW, will accept it. Yet he never confirms to himself that Allah has already accepted the good deeds, otherwise he would make himself a rival to Allah by making such judgment. It is a trap of shirk. On the other hand, a Muslim is living with the fear of violating the commands of Allah, sw for fear that he will be punished for it. Thus the conduct of a Muslim is an ongoing attempt to do good deeds and ongoing attempt to avoid bad deeds. That was the summary of the faith of prophet Ibrahim, pbuh. He submitted his life, in private and in public, to the will and commands of God, almighty. Furthermore, he was sincere in faith before Allah, sw by avoiding all forms of Shirk.

The belief of a Muslim is located between HOPE and FEAR. The Muslim continuously making attempts to do good deeds for the sake of God with the hope that He, SW, will accept it. Yet he never confirms to himself that Allah has already accepted the good deeds, otherwise he would make himself a rival to Allah by making such judgment. It is a trap of shirk. On the other hand, a Muslim is living with the fear of violating the commands of Allah, sw for fear that he will be punished for it. Thus the conduct of a Muslim is an ongoing attempt to do good deeds and ongoing attempt to avoid bad deeds. That was the summary of the faith of prophet Ibrahim, pbuh. He submitted his life, in private and in public, to the will and commands of God, almighty. Furthermore, he was sincere in faith before Allah, sw by avoiding all forms of Shirk.

The belief of a Muslim is located between HOPE and FEAR. The Muslim continuously making attempts to do good deeds for the sake of God with the hope that He, SW, will accept it. Yet he never confirms to himself that Allah has already accepted the good deeds, otherwise he would make himself a rival to Allah by making such judgment. It is a trap of shirk. On the other hand, a Muslim is living with the fear of violating the commands of Allah, SW for fear that he will be punished for it. Thus the conduct of a Muslim is an ongoing attempt to do good deeds and ongoing attempt to avoid bad deeds. That was the summary of the faith of prophet Ibrahim, PBUH. He submitted his life, in private and in public, to the will and commands of God, almighty. Furthermore, he was sincere in faith before Allah, SW by avoiding all forms of Shirk.

What is Kufr?

 

*Compiled by Aladdin A. Ghanem

*PBUH: Peace be upon him

*SW: When writing the name of God (Allah), Muslims often follow it with the abbreviation “SW.”These letters stand for the Arabic words “Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala,” or “Glory to Him, the Exalted.”